The Secret Business Diplomacy of Anna Chennault as Nixon’s Envoy in South Vietnam, 1967–1974
|Tác giả:||Harish C. Mehta|
|Nguồn:||The International History review|
Abstract: The Republican Party’s presidential candidate, Richard Nixon, enlisted Anna Chennault, a prominent lobbyist who belonged to high society circles in Washington, DC, to open a direct channel of communication with the South Vietnamese president, Nguyen Van Thieu, in 1967. Her brief was to convince Thieu to reject the peace negotiations that the president, Lyndon Johnson, had begun with North Vietnam. The diplomatic papers of the Thieu regime, housed in Ho Chi Minh City, reveal that Chennault conducted business diplomacy for American companies, without Nixon’s knowledge. Through her consulting firm, she negotiated with Thieu business contracts for an American public relations firm, GM International Inc., and for Northrop-Page Communications. She breached the Foreign Agents Registration Act by failing to disclose her lobbying activities, and both Nixon and Chennault violated the Logan Act that bars private citizens from conducting diplomacy. Chennault’s transcontinental diplomacy raises questions about her role within the American military-industrial complex during the late Vietnam War.